Correspondents

Writers and recipients of correspondence. Last revised 2 December 2022.

 

Agnew (née Astley), Anne

  • Dates: 1748 – 1836
  • Aka: Mrs Astley
  • Biography: Anne Astley was a clergyman's daughter who entered Mary Delany's service as her waiting-woman. She was regarded more as a 'dame de compagnie' than a servant. She was acquainted with the Dewes family. She married Thomas Agnew (1752-1824) in 1791 and worked as housekeeper at Mrs Delany's former house in Windsor after Delany's death in 1788.
  • Project ID: AnA

Alison (née Gregory), Dorothea Montague

  • Dates: 1754 – 1830
  • Aka: Miss Gregory; Mrs Alison
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: DG

Antrobus, William

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Aka: Revd William Antrobus
  • Biography: Little is known about the family or early life of Reverend William Antrobus. He attended St John’s College, Cambridge, where he earned a Bachelor of Divinity and a Masters. He was an acquaintance of Sir William Wake (the younger). He was also a tutor of Thomas Dawson Junior, Lady Dartrey’s son. Antrobus was a committed member of the church and was ordained as a deacon and later a priest.
  • Project ID: WAn

Bentinck (née Cavendish-Harley), Margaret, Duchess of Portland

  • Dates: 11 February 1715 – 17 July 1785
  • Aka: Lady Margaret Harley; Duchess of Portland; Dowager Duchess of Portland
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: MCP

Blosset (né Peckwell), Robert Henry

  • Dates: 26 June 1776 – 1 February 1823
  • Aka: Robert Henry Peckwell; Robert Henry Blosset
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: RHB

Blosset, Dorothy

  • Dates: 3 October 1739 – 1811
  • Aka: Mrs Blosset
  • Biography: Dorothy Blosset was born c.1739 to Salomon Stephen Blosset and Elizabeth Dorothy le Coq de St Leger. She had three sisters and one brother; she was the eldest sibling. The Blossets were a prominent Huguenot family, with Salomon and his father having been generals in the French Wars of Religion. The family fled their home in Nivernais, France, because of persecution from French Catholics in the early 1730s and settled in Britain. Dorothy was born in Dublin, Ireland. Dorothy became a woman of the bedchamber for Dowager Princess of Wales c.1780. She died without marrying or having children on 11th April 1811. Mary and Dorothy met at Court ,and when Mary left, they wrote frequently and extensively to each other. Recurrent topics included Literature and Theatre, and the two women had many mutual acquaintances and attended many of the same parties.
  • Project ID: DBl

Boscawen (née Glanville), Frances Evelyn

  • Dates: 23 July 1719 – 26 February 1805
  • Aka: Mrs Boscawen
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: FEB

Briggs (née Douglas-Hamilton), Lucretia Charlotte Susanna

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Biography: Lucretia Charlotte Susanna Douglas-Hamilton was born in 1783 to Charles Powell Hamilton and Lucretia Prosser. In 1828 she married Captain Stephen Briggs. They had one daughter, Helen Eliza Hamilton Briggs. Douglas-Hamilton was a cousin of Mary Hamilton’s and was asked to be a bridesmaid at Hamilton’s daughter’s wedding. Douglas-Hamilton died in 1848.
  • Project ID: LCSH

Cathcart (née Hamilton), Jane, Lady

  • Dates: 19 August 1726 – 13 November 1771
  • Aka: Lady Cathcart
  • Variant spellings: Jean
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: JC

Cathcart, Archibald Hamilton

  • Dates: bapt. 25 July 1764 – 16 October 1841
  • Biography: Reverend Hon. Archibald Hamilton Cathcart was born in 1764 to Sir Charles Schaw, 9th Lord Cathcart, and Jean Hamilton. He was Mary Hamilton’s cousin and correspondent. They wrote about family news. In 1790 he married Frances Henrietta Fremantle. They had three daughters together. Cathcart was an army officer and MP. He was also a Church of England Clergyman — rector of Methley, Vicar of Kippax, York, and Prebendary of York. He died in 1841.
  • Project ID: AHC

Cathcart, Charles Schaw, 9th Lord

  • Dates: 21 March 1721 – 14 August 1776
  • Aka: 9th Lord Cathcart
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: ChC

Chapone (née Mulso), Hester

  • Dates: 27 October 1727 – 25 December 1801
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: HMC

Charlotte, Queen

  • Dates: 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818
  • Aka: The Queen; Rhea
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: QC

Cheveley (née Niven), Louisa Laetitia

  • Dates: 1742 – 18 June 1807
  • Aka: Mrs Cheveley; Chi-Chi; CheChe
  • Variant spellings: Chevely
  • Biography: Louisa Laetitia Niven started work in 1771 at the Royal Household of King George III and Queen Charlotte. Initially a wet-nurse for Prince Ernest Augustus, she continued as a sub-governess at Court until her decision to leave and keep her own house sometime after 1782. Her father was John Niven, who had been a page at Court since 1748, and her younger sister also worked at Court. She married Jernigham Cheverly around 1770. Louisa became good friends with Mary Hamilton, a fellow sub-governess, and the two continued to correspond once they had left the Royal Court.
  • Project ID: LNC

Clarke, Anna Maria

  • Dates: bapt. 27 February 1750 – ?
  • Aka: Nanny
  • Biography: Anna Maria Clarke was born in Northampton c.1750. She was one of three sisters, the other two being Catherine and Isabella Clarke. Little is known about her parents or her early life, and she would never marry. She dedicated her time to her publishing and writing work, despite having several bouts of illness in midlife. The two women lived together from 1783 to 1785 in Clarges Street, London. She remained one of Mary Hamilton’s close friends throughout her life. They often corresponded about theatre shows and concerts, as well as works of literature. Anna Maria also maintained extremely close relations with Miss Mary Glover.
  • Project ID: AMC

Clarke, Isabella

  • Dates: 29 May 1749 – not before 25 July 1819
  • Aka: Bell; Dumb-Bell; the Eldest; the perverse one
  • Biography: Isabella Clarke was born in 1749. She was one of three sisters, the other two being Anna Maria and Catherine Clarke. Little is known about her parents or her early life. Along with her sister Anna Maria, Isabella Clarke lived with Mary Hamilton between 1783 and 1785 on Clarges Street in London. Evidence from Hamilton's diaries and letters suggests that Clarke was partially deaf.
  • Project ID: IsCl

Clayton (née Fermor), Louisa, Lady

  • Dates: 23 February 1731 – 30 June 1809
  • Aka: Lady Louisa Clayton
  • Biography: Louisa Fermor was born in 1731 to Thomas Fermor, 1st Earl of Pomfret, and Henrietta Louisa née Jeffreys, who were both courtiers. She was the sister of Lady Charlotte Finch, governess to the children of George III, who knew Mary Hamilton through her time at Court. Fermor married William Clayton in 1767, becoming his third wife. They had a son, George, and a daughter, Amelia Anne. They lived at Harleyford Manor, Buckinghamshire. Fermor died in 1809.
  • Project ID: LLC

D'Arblay (née Burney), Frances

  • Dates: 13 June 1752 – 6 January 1840
  • Aka: Fanny Burney; Madame d'Arblay
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: FB

Dawson (née Freame), Philadelphia Hannah, Baroness Cremorne

  • Dates: 5 January 1740 – 14 April 1826
  • Aka: Lady Cremorne; Baroness Cremorne; Lady Dartrey; Baroness Dartrey
  • Biography: Philadelphia Hannah Freame was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740 to Margaret Penn and Thomas Freame. Margaret was the daughter of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, and Thomas was the nephew of John Freame, a co-founder of Barclays Bank. In 1770, Philadelphia married the Irish quaker and politician Thomas Dawson, Earl of Dartrey, and they had two children together, Julia and Thomas, both of whom died in 1787 at young ages. It was Thomas Dawson’s second marriage. On 28 May 1770, shortly after their marriage, Thomas Dawson was created Baron Dartrey and thus she became known as Lady Dartrey. From 1783 onwards, she was known as Lady Cremorne. She become acquainted with Mary Hamilton during her time as a Lady-in-waiting to Queen Charlotte, and the two continued to write and meet in person after Mary left Court. They went on trips together, exchanged gossip of mutual friends such as Princess Dashkova and wrote much about books. For long periods, Philadelphia suffered from an eye complaint and so dictated many letters to her servant, Mrs Palfrey. She died in 1826.
  • Project ID: PHD

Dawson, Julia

  • Dates: 6 September 1777 – 7 June 1787
  • Aka: Juliana
  • Biography: Julia Dawson was born in 1777 to Lady Dartrey and Thomas Dawson. Her mother was a close correspondent of Mary Hamilton’s, and Julia herself wrote a letter to Hamilton at a young age. In 1787 she became ill with a cough and died within that year.
  • Project ID: JuDa

Dawson, Thomas, Baron Dartrey

  • Dates: 25 February 1725 – 1 March 1813
  • Aka: 1st and last Viscount Cremorne; Lord Cremorne; Lord Dartrey; Baron Dartrey
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: ThDa

de Guiffardière, Charles

  • Dates: 1740 – 1810
  • Aka: Mr Turbulent' in FB's court journal
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: ChdG

de la Fite (née Boué), Marie Elizabeth

  • Dates: 21 August 1737 – 1794
  • Aka: Madame de la Fite
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: MLF

De Salis (née Blosset), Julia Henrietta

  • Dates: 15 August 1741 – 18 January 1819
  • Aka: Mrs De Salis
  • Variant spellings: Harriet
  • Biography: Julia Henrietta Blosset, known as Harriet, was born in 1741. She was the daughter of Solomon Stephen Blosset of Dublin and Meath, and Elizabeth Dorothy Le Coq St. Leger. In 1768 she was led to believe that she would be married to Sir Joseph Banks once he returned from his journey on the Endeavour. However, by his return in 1771 he had changed his mind. In 1775 she married Henry Jerome de Salis and in 1779 they had their only child, a daughter called Henrietta, who died in 1785. Blosset was friends with Mary Hamilton. They wrote about family and friends, politics and literature. She died in 1819.
  • Project ID: JHdeS

Delany (née Granville, formerly Pendarves), Mary

  • Dates: 14 May 1700 – 15 April 1788
  • Aka: Mrs Pendarves
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: MD

Dewes, Bernard

  • Dates: 1743 – 1793
  • Aka: Mr B. Dewes
  • Variant spellings: Dews
  • Biography: Bernard Dewes was born in 1743. He was the second son of John Dewes and Anne Granville — his siblings were Mary, Court and John. Dewes was the nephew of Mary Delaney, who he would meet with regularly and on occasion get advice from. Dewes would write to Mary Hamilton about the health of his aunt. In 1776 he married Anne Delabere. They had five children, including Court and Anne. After Delabere’s death in 1780, Dewes married Judith Beresford. They settled in Hagley in Worcestershire. In 1793 Dewes' brother, Court, died and Dewes inherited his Wellesbourne estate, to which they relocated. He died in 1822.
  • Project ID: BerD

Dewes, Court

  • Dates: 1742 – 1793
  • Aka: Sir Toby Fret
  • Biography: Court Dewes was born in 1742 to John Dewes and Anne Granville. He was a nephew of Mary Delany and a popular figure at Court. He was educated at Balliol College, Oxford. He did not marry or have children, and he died at his Wellesbourne estate in Warwickshire in 1793. He was a frequent correspondent of Anna Seward, an English romantic poet, and a friend and neighbour of Samuel Parr, politician, solicitor and writer. Mary Hamilton met Court when she visited Mary Delany at Bulstrode. According to Mary’s diaries and letters, Delany wished her nephew Court and Mary to marry. Mary and Court did write to each other occasionally after their first meeting, often talking about mutual acquaintances and Mary’s family.
  • Project ID: CD

Dickenson (née Chetham), Sarah

  • Dates: ? – 1780
  • Aka: Mrs Dickenson
  • Biography: Sarah Chatham was the daughter of Thomas Chatham, from Mellor in Derbyshire. In 1752 she married John Dickenson (of Birch Hall, Manchester and Taxal, Derbyshire). They had three children, Sarah, Elizabeth and John (who later married Mary Hamilton). The family lived on their Taxal estate. Chatham was one of Mary Hamilton’s oldest friends. They met when Chatham went to Northampton to visit her cousins, the Lawtons. Their correspondence was about the Dickenson family and Hamilton’s studies. Chatham died in 1780.
  • Project ID: SCD

Dickenson, John, Snr

  • Dates: 15 June 1725 – 18 October 1810
  • Aka: Mr Dickenson; Mr Dickenson Snr; Ampa; Granpa of Taxal; Grand (by Dorothy Blosset); the Guardian
  • Biography: John Dickenson was born in 1725 to John Dickenson Senior and his wife Mary. In 1752 he married Sarah Chetham and they had three children, John, Sarah and Elizabeth. Dickenson's estates were Birch Hall, Manchester and Taxal in Derbyshire. Following the marriage of his son to Mary Hamilton, he handed over the Taxal estate to them. Dickenson was a highly regarded and well-liked man. He died in 1810.
  • Project ID: JDS

Dickenson, John

  • Dates: 22 May 1757 – 11 January 1842
  • Aka: Mr Dickenson; Mr Dickenson Jnr; Mirander; the Dear Blackamoor; the King of Poland
  • Biography: John Dickenson was born in 1757. His father was John Dickenson Senior (of Birch Hall, Manchester and Taxal in Derbyshire) and his mother Sarah Chetham, an old correspondent of Mary Hamilton's. He had two sisters, Sarah and Elizabeth. Dickenson married Mary Hamilton in 1785, having proposed to her on a previous occasion in 1780, at which time he was rejected. His family was supportive of their marriage, and Dickenson, who was marrying into a higher social standing, was accepted by Hamilton’s social circles. He communicated often of his love for Hamilton, they also wrote about social engagements, hunting, literature and health matters, amongst other topics of discussion. In 1787 the two had a daughter, Louisa. Dickenson died in 1842.
  • Project ID: JD

Dickenson, Louisa Frances Mary (later Anson)

  • Dates: 26 January 1787 – 25 July 1837
  • Aka: Miss Dickenson; Little Missy (by Hannah More); Lou (by Dorothy Blosset)
  • Project ID: LD

Dickenson, Sarah

  • Dates: not after 1768 – not before September 1816
  • Aka: Miss Dickenson
  • Biography: Sarah Dickenson was the daughter of John Dickenson Senior (of Birch Hall, Manchester and Taxal in Derbyshire) and Sarah Chetham, an old correspondent of Mary Hamilton's. Miss Sarah Dickenson was one of three children. Her brother, John Dickenson Junior, married Mary Hamilton in 1785. Hamilton was therefore Dickenson’s sister-in-law. Dickenson never married and appeared to be content with that. She was buried at her home, Birch Hall.
  • Project ID: SD

Digby (née Gunning), Charlotte Margaret

  • Dates: 1759 – May 1794
  • Aka: Miss Gunning; Astrea
  • Biography: Charlotte Margaret Gunning was born in Northampton in 1758 to Sir Richard Gunning, 1st Baronet and his second wife Anne (née Sutton). She had one sister, Barbara Evelyn Isabella and one brother, George William. Between 1780-94, she was a maid of honour to Queen Charlotte. In 1790, she married Honourable Colonel Stephen Digby, with whom she had one daughter, Isabella Margaret Digby. Charlotte died in 1794. Charlotte was a close friend of Mary Hamilton’s from court, continuing to correspond with her frequently after leaving court. They talked about literature, parties, and their romantic lives as well as health complaints.
  • Project ID: CMG

Elizabeth, Princess

  • Dates: 22 May 1770 – 10 January 1840
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: PrE

Farhill, John

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • VIAF
  • Biography: John Farhill was born c.1755 and worked as a sub-governor to Prince Edward, son of Queen Charlotte and King George III. Little is known about Farhill’s early life; however, he is documented as having been working in the royal household by 1780. He is likely to have died sometime after 1810. Farhill and Mary Hamilton became acquainted around 1780, and their earliest extant letter refers to a gift of paint that he sent to Mary. A keen poet, John sent Mary many of his ideas and notes to read and give feedback on. However, after 1783 Mary seems to have dropped the friendship as John Farhill’s romantic interest in her became clear.
  • Project ID: JFa

Fielding (née Finch), Sophia

  • Dates: 17 November 1748 – 20 February 1815
  • Aka: Mrs Fielding; Finch Fielding(?); fatty Fielding
  • Variant spellings: Feilding
  • Biography: Sophia Finch was the daughter of William Finch and Charlotte Fermor. In 1772 she married Charles Fielding. They had four children. From 1779 until her death in 1815 she was a woman of the bedchamber to Queen Charlotte. In 1781 a ship she was on was captured by an American vessel and she was briefly taken prisoner. The situation was quickly recovered.
  • Project ID: SF

Finch (née Fermor), Charlotte, Lady

  • Dates: 14 February 1725 – 11 July 1813
  • Aka: Royal governess of King George III's children; Perfecta
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: CF

Finch, Harriet

  • Dates: 1751 – 1818
  • Aka: Harriet
  • Biography: Henrietta (Harriet) Finch was born in 1751 to William Finch and Lady Charlotte Fermor, governess to the daughters of George III. She travelled in Europe but missed England whilst she was away. Finch was a correspondent of Mary Hamilton’s, they wrote about social arrangements and the opera. Finch died in 1818.
  • Project ID: HF

Finch-Hatton (née Murray), Elizabeth Mary, Lady

  • Dates: 18 May 1760 – 1 June 1825
  • Aka: Lady Elizabeth Mary Murray
  • Project ID: EMFH

Fisher, John

  • Dates: 1748 – 8 May 1825
  • Aka: Bishop of Salisbury; Bishop of Exeter
  • Biography: John Fisher was born in 1748 to Reverend John Fisher and Elizabeth Laurens. He had one brother, George Bulsteel Fisher. He married Dorothea Freeston Scrivener in 1787 and the pair had three children. He held several positions of responsibility at the Court of King George III and Queen Charlotte, including: Preceptor to Prince Edward; Chaplain to the King; deputy clerk of the closet; and tutoring princess Elizabeth in drawing. He was later appointed superintendent of the education of Princess Charlotte of Wales. He became the Bishop of Salisbury in 1807, and was the Bishop of Exeter between 1803 and 1807. He died in 1825. Mary Hamilton and John Fisher became friends at Court and wrote to each other often. They wrote frequently on the theme of visual arts, especially poetry (as John’s bother was a poet), but also art and literature.
  • Project ID: JoF

Fitzgerald (née Feilding), Sophia Charlotte

  • Dates: 1773 – 19 September 1834
  • Project ID: SCF

Flint, William

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Biography: William Flint was associated with the Cathcart Family. He wrote a letter on behalf of Lord Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord, to Mary Catherine Dufresne. The letter informed Dufresne about the death of Lady Jane Cathcart.
  • Project ID: WF

Garrick (née Veigel), Eva Maria

  • Dates: 29 February 1724 – 16 October 1822
  • Aka: Eva Maria Violette; Eva Maria; Ava-Maria Mrs Garrick
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: EMG

Garrick, Emma

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Biography: Emma Garrick was the niece of Eva Maria Garrick. She wrote to Mary Hamilton on behalf of her aunt. Any further information is yet to be identified.
  • Project ID: EG

George III, King

  • Dates: 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820
  • Aka: King George III; The King; Osyiris; Osyris; Mar all
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: KG

George, Prince of Wales (later George IV)

  • Dates: 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830
  • Aka: King George IV; Prince of Wales; Palemon; young Mar-all; Prince of Scotland; Duke of Rothsay
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: GPW

Glover (née Lenton), Eleanor

  • Dates: 1733 – 1811
  • Aka: Mrs Nestor
  • Biography: Eleanor Lenton was born c.1733. She married Richard Glover, as his second wife, in 1770. They had a daughter. Richard Glover had a previous child, Richard Glover Junior, he and Lenton were not close. Mary Hamilton considered Richard Glover a second father and this closeness extends to Lenton as she appears to be somewhat of a maternal figure to Hamilton. Lenton writes to Hamilton about topics such as Richard Glover’s health and her charitable work. Lenton died in 1811.
  • Project ID: EGl

Glover, Mary

  • Dates: 9 February 1767 – 1819
  • Aka: Miss Glover; Miss Nestor
  • Biography: Mary Glover was born in 1767. She was the illegitimate daughter of the writer and politician Richard Glover. In 1787 she married Henry Halsey. He already had two illegitimate children, who Glover liked and attended to. Hamilton was a close friend of Glover’s and Glover confided in her about this. Glover's sympathy towards Halsey's children may relate to her own experience of having step-mother, Eleanor Glover (née Lentos), who treated Glover as a daughter. Glover’s father passed away in 1785 and left her his papers. Following this, she dedicated her time to getting his work published. She died in 1819.
  • Project ID: MGl

Glover, Richard

  • Dates: 1712 – 25 November 1785
  • Aka: Leonidas; Nestor; Mr Nestor
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: RGl

Goldsworthy, Martha Carolina

  • Dates: 1740 – 1816
  • Aka: Miss Goldsworthy
  • Biography: Martha Carolina Goldsworthy was born c.1740 to Philippa Vanbrugh and Burrington Goldsworthy. Burrington had held the position of English consul at Leghorn and Cadiz. She had one brother; Phillip, who was the Equerry to King George III from 1779. She dedicated most of her life to working at the Royal Court with the Royal Children. She was well-liked in the Royal Household and seems to have been much more popular amongst the Royal children than her counterpart, Miss Gomm. Although she never married or had children, she established a household with Miss Gomm to look after the children of her brother, William Gomm, after his death. Martha died in 1816. Like Mary Hamilton, Martha was a sub-governess, the two continued to correspond frequently after Mary left court. They often sent letters with gossip as well as advice on royal etiquette.
  • Project ID: MCG

Greville (née Vernon), Henrietta, Countess of Warwick

  • Dates: August 1760 – 22 April 1838
  • Aka: Lady Warwick; Countess of Warwick
  • Biography: Henrietta Vernon was born in 1760 to Richard Vernon and Evelyn Leveson-Gower. In 1776 she married George Greville, 2nd Earl of Warwick at Whitehall. She was his second wife. This marriage may have been a means for George Greville to repay the debt he owed Henrietta Greville’s father, as the marriage settlement agreed Richard Vernon be paid £200 each year. The couple had nine children. Greville’s husband was the cousin of Mary Hamilton. Greville died in 1783.
  • Project ID: HGW

Greville, Charles Francis

  • Dates: 1749 – 1809
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: CFG

Greville, George, 2nd Earl of Warwick

  • Dates: 16 September 1746 – 2 May 1816
  • Aka: Lord Greville; 2nd Earl of Warwick
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: GGW

Greville, Robert Fulke

  • Dates: 3 February 1751 – 27 April 1824
  • Aka: Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Fulke Greville; Colonel Greville
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: RFG

Hagedorn, Johanna Louisa

  • Dates: ? – 1789
  • Aka: Mrs Hagedorn
  • Variant spellings: Hagerdon; Hagerdorn
  • Biography: Johanna Louisa Hagedorn was a friend of Mary Hamilton’s from court. In 1761, along with Elizabeth Juliana Schwellenberg, she accompanied (the soon to be) Queen Charlotte from Germany to England, for her wedding to King George III. From 1778 Hagedorn was the second Keeper of the Queen’s robes, still working alongside Schwellenberg. Hagerdorn left the position in 1786 as she was unwell and her eyesight was deteriorating. Her successor, Frances Burney, was supposedly warned of the cruelty Schwellenberg displayed towards Hagedorn, and told Hagerdorn's poor eyesight was a result of Schwellenberg’s insistence that the windows stay down when they travelled together, no matter the weather conditions. Hagerdorn died in 1789.
  • Project ID: JLH

Hamilton (née Barlow), Catherine, Lady

  • Dates: 1738 – 25 August 1782
  • Aka: Catherine Barlow; Lady Catherine Hamilton
  • VIAF
  • Biography: Catherine Barlow was born in 1738. In 1758 she married Sir William Hamilton. It was a childless marriage. In 1764 he was appointed as British Ambassador to the court of Naples and Barlow moved to Naples with him. She was a talented musician who played the spinet, harpsichord and piano. Leopold Mozart praised her musical talent. She was a correspondent of Mary Hamilton's and her aunt through marriage. Barlow died in 1782.
  • Project ID: CaH

Hamilton (née Daniel), Rachel

  • Dates: 1739 – 22 January 1807
  • Aka: Mrs Hamilton
  • Biography: Rachel Daniel was born c.1739. Little is known about her family or early life. In 1757 she married Frederick Hamilton (Mary Hamilton’s uncle). The couple had three children, Elizabeth, Jane, and Robert. Daniel died in 1807.
  • Project ID: RDH

Hamilton (née Dufresne), Mary Catherine

  • Dates: ? – 29 November 1778
  • Aka: Mrs Hamilton; Mrs Charles Hamilton
  • Variant spellings: De Fresne
  • Biography: Mary Catherine Dufresne was the daughter of Colonel Dufresne, who was the aide-de-camp to Lord Archibald Hamilton. She was married to Charles Hamilton. In 1756 they had their only child, Mary Hamilton. When her husband died in 1771, Dufresne and her daughter moved to Northamptonshire and later London. Relatives and other guardians assisted Dufresne in raising the young Mary Hamilton. In her later life she was cared for by her daughter and her daughter’s friends Caterina and Anna Maria Clarke. She died in 1778.
  • Project ID: MCH

Hamilton (née Onslow), Elizabeth

  • Dates: not before 24 January 1732, not after 24 January 1733 – 24 January 1800
  • Aka: the Hon. Mrs Hamilton; Mrs Hamilton of Taplow
  • Biography: Elizabeth Onslow was born in 1732 to Richard Onslow, MP, and Pooley Walton. Her husband was George Hamilton, canon of Windsor. George was the cousin of Charles Hamilton (Mary Hamilton’s father). The couple had ten children. Onslow died in 1800.
  • Project ID: EOH

Hamilton (née Wynne), Harriet

  • Dates: 1784 – ?
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: HaH

Hamilton Campbell (née Gunning), Elizabeth, Duchess of Argyll & Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon

  • Dates: bapt. 7 December 1733 – 20 December 1790
  • Aka: Lady Argyll; Duchess of Argyll; 1st Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon
  • Variant spellings: Argyle; Argill
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: EHC

Hamilton, Charles

  • Dates: 29 October 1721 – 10 September 1771
  • Biography: Charles Hamilton was born in 1721. His father was Lord Archibald Hamilton. Hamilton was a soldier. He was married to Mary Catherine Dufresne. They had their only child, Mary, in 1756. In 1771, when his daughter was 15, Charles Hamilton died.
  • Project ID: ChH

Hamilton, Frederick

  • Dates: 1728 – 19 February 1811
  • Biography: Frederick Hamilton was born in 1728 to Lord Archibald and Lady Jane Hamilton. He was the brother of Mary Hamilton’s father and was thus her uncle. He dedicated much of his life to the church and was Vicar of Wellingborough and Archdeacon of Raphoe. However he wished for further progression within the church and became frustrated. He married Rachel Daniel in 1757, with whom he had three children. He had a negative opinion of his son Robert, who was constantly in debt. Distress was also caused by his daughters' (Elizabeth's and Jane's) marriages. He was a frequent correspondent of both his niece Mary Hamilton and her husband John Dickenson. He lived in Ireland for much of his life before moving to England. He died in 1811 in Bath.
  • Project ID: FH

Hamilton, Henry

  • Dates: 1734 – 1796
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: HH

Hamilton, Mary

  • Dates: 5 February 1756 – 25 May 1816
  • Aka: Miss Hamilton; Miranda; Mrs Dickenson; Mary Dickenson; Hammie
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: MH

Hamilton, M[…]

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Biography: Ms Hamilton was a guest at Louisa Dickenson’s wedding. Any further information is yet to be identified.
  • Project ID: MHa

Hamilton, William, Sir

  • Dates: 12 January 1731 – 6 April 1803
  • Aka: Uncle William; Sir William
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: WH

Hill, […]

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Aka: Mr Hill
  • Project ID: MrHill

Holman (née Hamilton), Jane

  • Dates: October 1768 – June 1810
  • Aka: Miss Hamilton
  • Biography: Jane Hamilton was born in 1768 to Frederick Hamilton and Rachel Daniel. She was therefore Mary Hamilton’s cousin. She was passionate about music and the arts. She married Joseph Holman, an actor, in 1798. It was an unhappy marriage and he was away for extended periods of time for work. He left her, ending their marriage. She died in 1810.
  • Project ID: JH

Hope, Charles, Lord Granton

  • Dates: 29 June 1763 – 30 October 1851
  • Aka: Lord Granton
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: CHo

Hope, John

  • Dates: 7 April 1739 – 25 May 1785
  • Aka: JH; Jack Hope; Leveller
  • VIAF, ODNB, Hist. Parl.
  • Project ID: JoH

Hunter (née Napier), Mainie-Schaw

  • Dates: 5 August 1756 – 9 October 1806
  • Aka: Mary-Schaw
  • ODNB
  • Project ID: MSN

Iremonger (née Morgan, formerly Dunbar), Penelope

  • Dates: not before 16 February 1731, not after 16 February 1732 – 16 February 1829
  • Aka: Mrs Iremonger
  • Biography: Penelope Morgan was born c.1730 to Catherine and Mark-Anthony Morgan. She became Penelope Dunbar after her first marriage. In 1770, she married Joshua Iremonger III as his third wife. Two couple had no children together, however Penelope helped to care for her husband’s children from previous marriages [and had a close relationship with them]. She died in 1829. Penelope and Joshua Iremonger III were long-time friends of Mary Hamilton’s. They wrote to each other frequently about royal gossip, mutual friends and acquaintances and their families.
  • Project ID: PDI

Iremonger, Elizabeth

  • Dates: 1757 – 1826
  • Aka: Miss E. Iremonger
  • Biography: Elizabeth Iremonger was born in 1826 to Joshua Iremonger III and his second wife, Elizabeth Lacey. Her mother died just three years after her birth and her father later remarried to Penelope Morgan. Like her father and Morgan, Iremonger corresponded with Mary Hamilton. They wrote about news of friends, the royal family, her father’s health, and literature. Iremonger died in 1826.
  • Project ID: EI

Iremonger, Joshua

  • Dates: 1717 – 31 December 1804
  • Aka: Joshua Iremonger III
  • Project ID: JI3

Jackson (née Clarke), Caterina

  • Dates: bapt. 2 May 1753 – 10 July 1786
  • Aka: Mrs Jackson, Katerina
  • Variant spellings: Katerina
  • Biography: Catherine (or Caterina) Jackson (née Clarke) was born in Northampton c.1750. She was one of three sisters, the other two being Anna Maria and Isabella Clarke. Little is known about her early life. She married John Jackson in 1778. The couple had three children together before her unexpected death in 1786. Catherine was extremely good friends with Mary Hamilton and, along with her sister Anna Maria, cared for Mary Hamilton’s sick mother in London before her death in 1778. On the day of her wedding to John Jackson, Mary Hamilton gifted her a wedding ring that had once belonged to her own mother.
  • Project ID: CC

Jackson, Frances

  • Dates: 2 October 1783 – ?
  • Aka: Fanny Jackson
  • Biography: Frances (Fanny) Jackson was born in 1783 to Caterina Clarke and John Jackson. She had two sisters, Katherine and Mary. Her family were close correspondents of Mary Hamilton’s.
  • Project ID: FJ

Jackson, John

  • Dates: ? – not before 3 April 1797, not after 25 April 1797
  • Biography: John Jackson worked as an attorney and was involved in politics. Little is known about his early life. In 1779 he married Caterina Clarke, a close friend of Mary Hamilton's. The couple had three daughters, Katherine, Mary and Fanny, and a son, Henry, who passed away around the age of four. Jackson was a friend of John Dickenson, and they wrote on politics and family news. Jackson died in 1797.
  • Project ID: JJa

Jackson, Mary Johanna

  • Dates: 19 September 1781 – ?
  • Biography: Mary Johanna Jackson was born in 1781 to Caterina Clarke and John Jackson. She had two sisters, Katherine and Fanny. Jackson wrote to Mary Hamilton about her social engagements, the health of her Aunt Anna Maria Clarke and about an incident that Jackson was involved in. The incident concerned Jackson keeping Bishop Horseley company one night after the death of his wife, which invited a lot of gossip. Hamilton spoke to Jackson about it, hoping to advise her, as she cared for her greatly due to her love for Jackson’s mother.
  • Project ID: MJ

Johnston (née West), Henrietta Cecilia, Lady

  • Dates: 1730 – 1817
  • Aka: Lady Cis
  • Biography: Henrietta Cecilia West was born in 1730 to John West, 7th Baron De La Warr, and Lady Charlotte McCarthy. In 1763 she married General James Johnston. They had a daughter, Caroline, and a son, Henry-George. West was a friend of Mary Hamilton’s. She died in 1817.
  • Project ID: HCJ

Keith, Robert

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Biography: Robert Keith wrote to Mary Catherine Hamilton (Mary Hamilton's mother) in 1771, after hearing of her husband’s death. It appears he was an old friend of the Hamiltons'. No further information has yet been discovered.
  • Project ID: RoK

Kinderley, John

  • Dates: 1745 – 1814
  • Biography: John Kinderley was born c.1745. Little is known about his family or early life. He was a solicitor of Bedford Row. He was solicitor for the Warren and Jackson families. He was the executor of John Jackson’s will and co-guardian of his daughters. Kinderley died in 1814.
  • Project ID: JKi

King, Anne

  • Dates: 10 January 1735 – October 1797
  • Aka: Miss King
  • Biography: Anne King was born in 1735 to Catherina Troy and Thomas King, 5th Baron of Ockham. She was the sister of Wilhelmina Murray, who was a correspondent of Mary Hamilton’s. King died in 1797.
  • Project ID: AK

Kirkgate, Thomas

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Biography: Thomas Kirkgate was born in 1734. Between 1765 and 1789 he worked as a printer at Strawberry Hill Press for Horace Walpole. Alongside the work of Walpole, Kirkgate also printed the work of other authors, such as Hannah More and Anne Temple-Greville. Kirkgate would write letters to Mary Hamilton on behalf of Walpole. Kirkgate was also a close associate of the artist and publisher Silvester Harding. He died in 1810.
  • Project ID: ThKir

Litchfield, Ann

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Aka: Miss Litchfield; Clara; The Kitten
  • Biography: Ann Litchfield was from Northampton. Little is known about her family or her early life. She was a close friend of Mary Hamilton, who often sent her extracts from her personal diary.
  • Project ID: ALi

Montagu (née Robinson), Elizabeth

  • Dates: 2 October 1718 – 25 August 1800
  • Aka: Mrs Montagu; Attica
  • Variant spellings: Montague
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: EM

More, Hannah

  • Dates: 2 February 1745 – 7 September 1833
  • Variant spellings: Moore
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: HM

Murray (née King), Wilhelmina

  • Dates: 4 March 1738 – 29 December 1795
  • Aka: Miss Wilhelmina King
  • Biography: Wilhelmina King was born in 1738 to Catherina and Thomas King (Baron of Ockham). In 1784, she married George Murray, a grandson of John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl, and the couple didn’t have any children. Wilhelmina appears to have become acquainted with Mary Hamilton at the court of King George III. They frequently wrote to each other on topics such as royal gossip and dinner parties.
  • Project ID: WM

Murray, Anne, Lady

  • Dates: ? – 9 July 1818
  • Aka: Lady Anne Murray
  • Biography: Anne Murray was the daughter of David Murray, 6th Viscount Stormont, and Anne Stewart. She was the niece of William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield. From c.1763 onwards, Murray lived on his Kenwood estate. When her uncle died in 1793, her brother, David, succeeded him as Earl of Mansfield, and Murray gained the title Lady. Murray corresponded with Mary Hamilton about their families, visits, and news of acquaintances, such as the death of the Duchess of Portland. Murray died in 1818.
  • Project ID: AnnM

Murray, David, 2nd Earl of Mansfield

  • Dates: 9 October 1727 – 1 September 1796
  • Aka: Lord Stormont; The Viscount Stormont; 2nd Earl of Mansfield
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: DM

Murray, James

  • Dates: 19 March 1734 – 19 March 1794
  • Aka: Lieutenant General Murray
  • Project ID: JM

Napier (née Cathcart), Mary Anne, Lady

  • Dates: 26 October 1727 – 11 July 1774
  • Aka: Mrs Napier
  • VIAF
  • Biography: Mary Anne Cathcart was born in 1727 to Lord Charles Cathcart and Marian Schaw. In 1754 she married William, 7th Lord Napier of Merchistoun. The couple had five children. Cathcart was the sister-in-law of Mary Hamilton’s aunt, Jane Cathcart. This connection led to Cathcart’s husband becoming Hamilton’s guardian. Napier died in 1774.
  • Project ID: MAN

Napier (née Clavering), Maria Margaret, Lady

  • Dates: 1756 – 29 December 1821
  • Biography: Maria Margaret Clavering was born in 1756 to Lieutenant-General Sir John Clavering and Lady Diana West. In 1784 she married Francis Scott, 8th Baron Napier of Merchistoun. Francis Napier was a close friend of Hamilton’s, and referred to her as his ‘sister’. Clavering and her husband had nine children. She died in 1821 at her home, Dacre Lodge in Middlesex.
  • Project ID: MMCN

Napier, Charles

  • Dates: 24 October 1794 – 15 December 1874
  • Project ID: ChasNap

Napier, Francis Scott, 8th Lord

  • Dates: 23 February 1758 – 1 August 1823
  • Aka: Frank; Lord Napier
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: FN

Napier, William, 7th Lord

  • Dates: 1 May 1730 – 2 January 1775
  • Aka: Lord Napier
  • Project ID: WN7

Palfrey, Elizabeth

  • Dates: 1743 – 5 December 1811
  • Aka: Mrs Palfrey; Lady Cremorne's old faithful servant
  • Biography: Elizabeth Palfrey was born in 1743. She was a long-serving servant of Lady Dartrey’s (later Lady Cremorne). Dartrey was friends with Mary Hamilton from Court. Palfrey would write letters to Hamilton on Dartrey's behalf when she suffered problems with her eyes. Palfrey died in 1811.
  • Project ID: EP

Palombi (née Dickenson), Elizabeth

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Aka: Eliza
  • Biography: Elizabeth Dickenson was born to John Dickenson Senior (of Birch Hall, Manchester and Taxal in Derbyshire) and Sarah Chetham, an old correspondent of Mary Hamilton's. Dickenson's brother, John Dickenson Junior, married Mary Hamilton in 1785. Hamilton was therefore Dickenson’s sister-in-law. In 1791, Dickenson married Chevalier Giovanni Domenico Palombi and they moved to Naples. The couple had 5 children. Dickenson wrote of her children, their qualities and their health, alongside other topics such as the war and political unrest in Naples.
  • Project ID: EDP

Roberts, William Hayward

  • Dates: not after 11 August 1734 – 5 December 1791
  • Aka: Provost of Eton; Chaplain to George III
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: WHR

Ross (née Gunning), Barbara Evelyn Isabella

  • Dates: bapt. 28 February 1766 – ?
  • Aka: Bell
  • Biography: Isabella Barbara Evelyn Gunning was baptised (and likely born) in February 1766. Her parents were Sir Robert Gunning and Anne Sutton. She had two siblings, Charlotte Margaret and George William. Charlotte was a correspondent of Mary Hamilton's. Gunning moved to Nancy, France for a period of time c.1785. In 1796 she married General Alexander Ross.
  • Project ID: BEIG

Rundell (née Ketelby), Maria Eliza

  • Dates: 14 April 1747 – 16 December 1828
  • Aka: Mrs Rundell; Maria Statira Elizabeth Farquharson Ketelby
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: MERu

Rundell, Maria

  • Dates: not after 1771 – not before 1828
  • Aka: ?Miss Rundle
  • Biography: Maria Rundell was the daughter of Thomas Rundell and Maria Eliza Kettelby (who was the author of the book Domestic Cookery). Rundell was the eldest child and had seven siblings. Rundell (and her mother) resided in Bath. The Rundell family were well acquainted with John Dickenson, Mary Hamilton’s husband. Rundell writes to Hamilton about news of family and friends, and about literature. In 1792 Rundell married Thomas Bigge. They had eight children.
  • Project ID: MarRu

Sandford (née Chapone), Sarah

  • Dates: 1731 – ?
  • Aka: Mrs Sandford; Sally
  • Variant spellings: Capon
  • Project ID: SSC

Schram, Christopher

  • Dates: 1765 – 15 October 1829
  • Biography: Christopher Schram was born in 1765. He was a cellist and was considered an eminent performer. Schram worked alongside his 3 brothers Vitius, Martin and Simon. They worked as musicians for the Hon. H. Fitz. Morice and later alongside Baumgarten at Wynnstay for Sir Watkins Williams-Wynn. Following this, Schram and the latter two brothers were part of the royal band of the Prince of Wales, the future George IV. Schram wrote a letter to John Dickenson, husband of Mary Hamilton, on behalf of Prince George. He died in 1829.
  • Project ID: CSch

Schwellenberg, Juliana Elisabeth

  • Dates: 1728 – 7 March 1797
  • Aka: Madame Schwellenberg; Juliana Schwellenberg
  • Variant spellings: Schewlengberg; Von Schwellenberg
  • Biography: Juliana Elisabeth von Schwellenberg was born in 1728 in Germany. In 1761 she was selected by Queen Charlotte to accompany her from Mecklenburg-Strelitz to Great Britain for her wedding. Once in Great Britain, she became the keeper of robes to the queen, as well as a woman of the bedchamber. She held much influence at the Court, and many other staff saw her as a gatekeeper to Queen Charlotte and her patronage, which led to antagonistic relationships with several other staff (including, famously, with Frances Burney). She died in 1797. Although a controversial figure, she and Mary Hamilton wrote to each other from time to time and appear to have got on well. After Mary Hamilton left Court, there are letters from Juliana dated from 1789, passing on royal gossip and news.
  • Project ID: JES

Seroux d'Agincourt, Jean Baptiste Louis Georges

  • Dates: 5 April 1730 – 24 September 1814
  • Variant spellings: Séroux
  • VIAF
  • Project ID: JSdA

Smelt (née Campbell), Jane

  • Dates: ? – 1790
  • Aka: Mrs Smelt
  • Biography: Jane Campbell was baptised in 1720. In 1744 she married Leonard Smelt, deputy governor to the princes. Campbell and her husband were close friends with Mary Hamilton from her time at Court. The couple had two daughters, Dorothy and Anne Jesse. Campbell died in 1790.
  • Project ID: JaS

Smelt, Leonard

  • Dates: 1725 – 1800
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: LeS

Vesey (née Vesey, later Handcock), Elizabeth

  • Dates: 1715 – 1791
  • Aka: the Sylph
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: EV

Vesey, Agmondesham

  • Dates: 1708 – 3 June 1785
  • Project ID: AV

Waddington (née Port), Georgina Mary Anne

  • Dates: 16 September 1771 – 1850
  • Aka: Mary Anne; Miss Port
  • Variant spellings: Georgiana Mary Anne
  • Biography: Georgina Mary Anne Port was born in 1771 to John Sparrow Port and Mary Dewes. She was predominantly raised in Windsor by her great-aunt, Mary Delany, who hoped to raise her as the perfect lady. Port married Benjamin Waddington in 1789. It was an arranged marriage. They had 6 children together. Port corresponded with Mary Hamilton both about Mary Delany and on her behalf. Port was also a friend of the writer Frances (Fanny) Burney. She died in 1850.
  • Project ID: MAP

Wake (née Fenton), Mary, Lady

  • Dates: 1744 – 10 December 1823
  • Aka: Lady Wake; the Snow-ball
  • Biography: Mary Fenton was born c.1744 to Richard Fenton of Banktop, Yorkshire, and his wife Anne Fenton (née Brooke). She married Sir William Wake, 8th Baronet, in June 1865 and became known as Lady Mary Wake. The couple had four children, including William Wake, 9th Baronet. She died in 1823. Mary Wake and Mary Hamilton had been long acquainted, being neighbours in Northampton when they were younger. They wrote to each other regarding theatre and their mutual friends, as well as musing upon what it meant to have a friendship. Also discussed is the affection that Mary Wake’s son, William, held for Mary Hamilton. She rejected his advances several times, and the two women discussed this extensively.
  • Project ID: MFW

Wake, William, 8th Baronet

  • Dates: 1742 – 29 October 1785
  • Aka: Sir William Wake, 8th Baronet
  • Project ID: WW1

Wake, William, 9th Baronet

  • Dates: 5 April 1768 – 27 January 1846
  • Aka: Sir William Wake, 9th Baronet
  • Project ID: WW2

Walker, Annabella

  • Dates: ? – ?
  • Project ID: AnblW

Walkinshaw, Catherine

  • Dates: ? – 11 November 1794
  • Aka: Mrs Walkinshaw
  • Biography: Catherine Walkinshaw was a daughter of John Walkinshaw of Barrowfield and Katharine Paterson. One of her nine sisters, Clementina, was the mistress of Charles Edward Stuart. Walkinshaw also had connections to the royal family, as she worked as a Woman of the Bedchamber to the Dowager Princess of Wales from 1737 until the princess’s death in 1772. Walkinshaw never married. Many of her letters to Mary Hamilton relate to the royal family, but they also discuss more personal topics such as news of friends and family. She died in 1794.
  • Project ID: CaW

Walpole, Horace, 4th Earl of Orford

  • Dates: 24 September 1717 – 2 March 1797
  • Aka: Horatio; 4th Earl of Orford; 4th Viscount Walpole; Baron Walpole of Walpole; Pliny
  • VIAF, ODNB
  • Project ID: HW

Warren (née Jackson), Katherine

  • Dates: 20 April 1780 – 14 November 1803
  • Aka: Katherine Warren; Little Kitty
  • Biography: Katherine Jackson was born in 1780 to Caterina Clark and John Jackson. She had two sisters, Fanny and Mary. In 1801 she married Bentley Warren, who worked as an attorney in Uppingham. Mary Jackson described the marriage as one of real affection. She also noted the significant age difference between Jackson and Warren. The couple had two daughters, Mary Anne and Katherine Frances. The Jackson family were all close friends with Mary Hamilton. Katherine Jackson wrote about invitations to see Hamilton, her marriage and her elder daughter. Jackson died in November of 1803, a week after giving birth to her second child.
  • Project ID: KJ